Views: 36 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2020-10-02 Origin: Site
What should your science laboratory look like? According to the traditional laboratory layout, cool colors are mostly chosen for laboratory decoration. The colors of cool colors really give people a rigorous and solemn academic atmosphere, but for researchers or learning workers, it is long-term Being in this environment can really make people feel depressed. So, what are the types of science laboratories?
1. Simulation experiments: experiments that rely on mathematical models and computer simulation analysis. The research process is as follows: collect data and information of things, use mathematical models and computers to simulate and analyze things under the guidance of certain theories or hypotheses, and understand the nature and laws of things.
2. Control experiment: In the laboratory, under the artificial control environment, the method of physics or chemistry is used to conduct experiments. This kind of experiment is common in physical and chemical science and environmental science. This is what we usually call a narrow experiment.
3. Ideal experiment: the "ideal experiment" carried out in the mind. Based on the observed facts and life experience, use the scientific knowledge that you have mastered to make theoretical conjectures and logical reasoning in your mind, mainly using conjectures to propose axioms, and then use mathematical methods to carry out logical reasoning, thereby establishing certain theories. Einstein's research on the theory of relativity is a shining example of ideal experimental research.
4. Observation experiment: that is, under the condition of natural occurrence, to observe things with a purpose to obtain scientific understanding. This method has a wide range of applications in biology, geology, and geography. Reading thousands of books and walking thousands of miles. For example, biologists collect specimens to discover new species, paleontologists collect fossils to demonstrate biological evolution, and geologists observe geological sections to demonstrate structure. Darwin's creation of the theory of biological evolution benefited mainly from extensive field observations and experiments. He defined science as: "summarizing experience and facts in order to discover laws from them."